Before the plan to rebuild the old battleships of the Regia Marina, the Conte di Cavour and Andrea Doria classes, there were plans to build fast capital ships, aka battlecruisers. The design could be considered as the battlecruiser version of the later Littorio class battleships though it did have very limited AA weaponry for self defence. Design work progressed rapidly, but in late 1933 the Italians decided to abandon the work. The 1933 battlecruiser would have been poorly protected, but it was more than capable of dealing with British and French cruisers, while being fast enough to elude capital ships.
The cancellation of this design meant that Italy, the nation that had given birth to the very idea of a cruiser armed with battleship-caliber weapons, never fielded a battlecruiser..
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