He-111Z Heavy Bomber
Scale of Model:
Global War Scale = 1.98" (52mm) Wingspan (Purchase on
1/700 Scale = 1.98" (50.3mm) Wingspan (Purchase on Shapeways)
1/600 Scale = 2.32" (58.7mm) Wingspan (Purchase on Shapeways)
The He-111Z (Zwiling)
consisted of a coupled pair of He-111 medium bomber frames. The original
purpose of this massive and over-powered aircraft was to carry the He-321
Glider (capable of carrying 130 combat troops), however variants of the 111Z
could also carry 3,970LBs of bombs or four HS293 Anti-Ship guided missiles.
The 2,500-mile range of the He-111Z could threaten all of Europe.
Rules on how to use this piece in HBG's "Global War" Game:
In lieu of making its regular attack, the He-111Z may deliver one Glider of
1942 (Turn 6)
The He 111Z Zwilling was a
design that entailed the merging of two He 111s. The design was originally
conceived to tow the Messerschmitt Me
321 glider. Initially, four He 111 H-6s were modified.
This resulted in a twin-fuselage, five-engine aircraft. They were tested at
Rechlin in 1941, and the pilots rated them highly. A batch of 10 were
produced and five were built from existing H-6s. The machines were joined by a
centre wing formed by two sections 6.15 m (20 ft) in length. The
powerplants were five Jumo 211F engines at 1,000 kW (1,340 hp) each.
Total fuel capacity was 8,570 L (2,260 US gal). This was increased
with the addition of four 600 L (160 US gal) drop tanks. It
could tow a Gotha Go 242 glider
or Me 321 for up to 10 hours at cruising speed. It could also remain airborne
if the three central powerplants failed. The He 111 Z-2s and Z-3s were
also planned as heavy bombers carrying 1,800 kg (3,970 lb) of bombs
and having a range of 4,000 km (2,500 mi). The ETC extensions allowed
for a further four 600 L (160 US gal) drop tanks to be installed.
The He 111 Z-2 could carry four Henschel Hs 293 anti-shipping guided missiles,
which were guided by the FuG 203b Kehl III missile control equipment. With
this load the He 111Z had a range of 1,094 km (680 mi) and a speed of
314 km/h (195 mph). Its maximum bombload was 7,200 kg
(15,870 lb). To increase power the five Jumo 211F-2 powerplants were to be
fitted with Hirth TK 11 superchargers.
The armament was the same as the H-6 with the addition of one 20 mm MG 151/20 in a
rotating gun-mount on the centre section. The variant did not display any
convincing (stable) flight performance. The layout of the He 111Z had the
pilot and his controls in the port fuselage only. Only the controls themselves
and essential equipment remaining in the starboard section. The aircraft had a
crew of seven; a pilot, first mechanic, radio operator and gunner in the port
fuselage, and the observer, second mechanic and gunner in the starboard
fuselage. The Z-3 was to be a reconnaissance version
and was to have additional fuel tanks increasing its range to 6,000 km
(3,730 mi). Production was due to take place in 1944, just as bomber
production was being abandoned. The long-range variant designs failed to come
to fruition. The He 111Z was to have been used in an invasion of Malta in 1942 and as
part of an airborne assault
on the Soviet cities Astrakhan and Baku in the Caucasus in the same
year. During theBattle of
Stalingrad their use was cancelled due to insufficient airfield
capacity. Later in 1943 it helped evacuate German equipment and personnel from
the Caucasus region and during the Allied invasion
of Sicily attempted to deliver reinforcements to the
island. During operations, the He 111Z did not have enough power to lift a
fully loaded Me 321.
The He 111s in RATO (rocket
assisted takeoff) units were supplemented by rocket pods. Two were mounted
beneath each fuselage and one underneath each wing. This added 500 kg
(1,100 lb) in weight, but gave additional thrust to the engines. The pods
were then released by parachute after takeoff. The He 111Z's operational
history was minimal. One such machine was caught by RAF fighter aircraft over France on 14 March
1944. The He 111Z was towing a Gotha Go 242, and was shot
down. Eight were shot down or destroyed on the ground in 1944.
He 111 Z-1
Two He 111 airframes coupled together by a new
central wing panel possessing a fifth Jumo 211 engine, used as a glider tug for
Messerschmitt Me 321.
He 111 Z-2
Long-range bomber variant based on Z-1.
He 111 Z-3
Long-range reconnaissance variant based on Z-1.
(He 111 Z)
• Length: 55'-9.66" (16.4
• Wingspan: 116'-1.66" (35.4m)
• Wing area: 1,587.06 sq. ft. (148
• Empty weight: 47,400 lbs (21,500 kg)
• Loaded weight: 63,052
lbs (28,600 kg)
• Powerplant: 5 × Junker Jumo
211F-2/S-2 Engines. JATO rockets could be used on takeoff.
• Maximum speed: 264-270mph (425-435 km/hr)
• Range: 2,400 (1,491 mi)
• Service ceiling: 32,800 ft (10,000 m)
• Towing Speed: (2x Go.242) 155mph
• Towing Speed: (1x Me.321) 137mph
reading click here.