The New York class was a pair of super-dreadnought battleships built for the United States Navy between 1911 and 1914. The two ships of the class, New York and Texas, saw extensive service beginning in the occupation of Veracruz, World War I, and World War II.
Designed as a more heavily armed improvement over the previous Wyoming class, the New York class was the first battleship to feature the 14-inch (356 mm)/45 caliber gun and the first American super-dreadnought, but was one of the last battleship classes designed with a five-turret layout and coal for fuel. The class also suffered several deficiencies such as a lack of anti-aircraft weaponry and armor layout, which were addressed with the subsequent Nevada class. Because of these deficiencies, both ships saw several extensive overhauls over the course of their careers which greatly changed their appearance.
During World War II, the USS Texas stood as a stalwart symbol of American naval power and resilience. Having earned its stripes in World War I, this battleship continued to serve with distinction in the 1940s. The ship played a pivotal role in various key operations, including the Allied landings in North Africa, where its heavy guns provided crucial fire support, and the D-Day invasion of Normandy, where it unleashed its formidable firepower to support the assault on Omaha Beach. The USS Texas also participated in the Pacific theater, contributing to the campaigns in the Pacific Islands and providing vital gunfire support during the Battle of Iwo Jima. Its service showcased the enduring strength of this historic vessel, solidifying its legacy as an enduring guardian of freedom and democracy during a time of global turmoil.
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